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Standards Organizations

Standards Organization are developed to make a cooperation of standards creation committees, forum and government regulatory agencies  and also to standardized the protocols and equipment  national and international interoperability of data and telecommunication technology ,They provide guidelines to manufacturers , vendors, government agencies and other service provider to ensure the kind of connectivity is necessary in today’s market in international communications. Data communication standard are divided by two category,


q       De Facto-meaning by fact or by convention are often established originality by manufacturers that seek to define the functionality of the product or technology


q       De jure –meaning by law or by regulation are those for thath have been legalized by an officially recognized body/organization



  American National Standard Institute


The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) has served in its capacity as administrator and coordinator of the United States private sector voluntary standardization system for more than 80 years. Founded in 1918 by five engineering societies and three government agencies, the Institute remains a private, nonprofit membership organization supported by a diverse constituency of private and public sector organizations.

Throughout its history, ANSI has maintained as its primary goal the enhancement of global competitiveness of U.S. business and the American quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems and promoting their integrity. The Institute represents the interests of its nearly 1,000 company, organization, government agency, institutional and international


International Standards Organizationion   is  a network of the national standards institutes of 148 countries, on the basis of one member per country, with a Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates the system.

ISO is a non-governmental organization: its members are not, as is the case in the United Nations system, delegations of national governments. Nevertheless, ISO occupies a special position between the public and private sectors. This is because, on the one hand, many of its member institutes are part of the governmental structure of their countries, or are mandated by their government. On the other hand, other members have their roots uniquely in the private sector, having been set up by national partnerships of industry associations.




International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standards Sector

Is a organization that were form to defining national standards for telecommunication as at that time there was lack of international compability between countries worldwide , it was form by the United Nation in early 1970.This organization is devoted in research and establishment of standards for telecommunication in general phone and data system.This committee is first known as CCITT Consultative Committee for International Telegraphy and Telephony and on 1st March 1993 it was changed to ITU-T.



Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers  is a society of professional engineer’s  in electrical , electronics and radio as well as in all related of electronic / electrical engineering .It’s objective is to advance theory creativity , to ensure product quality in the electrical / electronics field and also to develop and adopt the international standards for computing and communication



Is an organization that aligned with ANSI the Electronic Industries Association is a nonprofit organization devoted to the promotion of electronics manufacturing  concerns , its activities include public awareness education and lobbying efforts in addition to standards development .In the field of information technology, the TEIA has made significant contributions by defining physical connections interfaces and electronic signaling specification for data communication